Emerging Trends in agriculture stand for new strategies and innovative technologies that become advanced with time. Over the last few decades, agriculture has seen exponential growth with the aid of modern technologies in this sector. The current innovative development in agriculture is a blessing for the farmers as they have found them more comfortable and suitable for agriculture activities. These changes not only helped in Agriculture and Rural Development but also boosted farmers’ conditions. Let’s move ahead with the emerging trends and Objective of Agriculture.
Emerging Trends of Agriculture: You Must Know
Before moving ahead with the Objective of Agriculture, it’s very important to know the emerging trends which have brought a revolution in the agriculture industry.
Increasing Food Grain Production
India has seen an increase in food grain output, notably after the implementation of a new agricultural strategy (the Green Revolution) in agricultural techniques that plays a vital role in the Sustainable Development of Agriculture. During the 1970s, an annual growth rate of 2.08 percent was reported. The green revolution, which enabled India to become self-sufficient in food grains and even a marginal exporter, had an annual growth rate of 3.5 percent in food grains in the 1980s. The New Trends in Farming have increased agriculture production and enhanced the condition of this sector.
Agricultural Development is not just meeting the demand for food grains, but also other development needs. In recent years, the agricultural sector has diversified to produce commercial crops and horticultural crops. Some of these are fruits, vegetables, spices, cashew, areca nut, coconut, and floricultural products such as flowers, orchids, and other animal husbandry products, as well as dairy and other animal husbandry products. The demand for these items is likewise on the rise. The agricultural industry has a lot of room to grow, both in terms of output and trade. Thanks to the liberalization of the economy for this.
Horticultural Output Is Increasing
India can cultivate a wide range of horticulture products due to its diverse physiographic, climate, and soil features, including fruits, vegetables, spices, cashew, coconut, cocoa, areca nut, root, and tuber crops, medicinal and fragrant plants, and so on. India is the world’s greatest producer of fruits and vegetables and the world’s second-largest producer of vegetables. The emerging trend plays a vital role in Agriculture and Rural Development. This will be noticeable in near future.
Free Trade Zones
All limitations on the movement of agricultural products throughout the country have been lifted, as a result of liberalization. This has made it easier to expand agricultural trade, particularly in food grains for Farm Land Developers.
Revolution brought by emerging trends in agriculture
Apart from these few emerging trends, you should know the revolution that these trends have brought to agriculture. The agriculture exports have grown exponentially due to which, India has now well-positioned in terms of agriculture exports as the labor costs have cut down, there is low import content, suitable climatic conditions, and low input unit cost. Agriculture exports are important to extend the activities of the agriculture sector. They help create more job possibilities and diversifying agriculture operations with New Trends in Farming.
In terms of Food Processing and Agriculture Resource Productivity:
The way of Food processing has also flourished and expanded with the blessings of Emerging trends. Producing processed fruits and vegetable creates a lot of jobs. With this, it also improves the agriculture output by enhancing the agriculture export opportunities. One of the main goals of liberalization is to increase the productivity of agricultural resources. Improvements in resource productivity have become possible by better allocating resources among different regions and by employing cutting-edge technologies.
And more importantly, these emerging trends have brought a big revolution for backward areas by developing agriculture and developing new biological techniques. They have become New Trends in Farming and this is the main objective of Agriculture. Increased use of biological technology for agricultural operations has been emphasized, and more attention is being given to developing new biological technology, to save and safeguard the environment as well as the agricultural sector from further damage.
The Objective of Agriculture Industry
Now is the time to understand the Objective of Agriculture behind the above mentioned emerging trends.
- The main Objective of Agriculture is the improvement of the economic development of all the stakeholders.
- It has created employment to deal with the unemployment problem
- Improvement of nutritional standards of health betterment is also the Objective of Agriculture
- Increasing the per capita income to mitigate the difference between urban and rural
- Economic women empowerment is a revolution in the agriculture industry
- Dampen the rural to urban migration and mitigate the congestion and other problems in the society
- Contribution towards environmental protection and up gradation to ensure ecological balance and avoiding global warming and a healthy environment for human beings and animals
- Creating marketing facilities to mitigate the loss of post-harvest and suffering of agriculture products
With its growing population, India is in a good position to develop its agricultural and related sectors, which are primarily labor-intensive. In short, this Agricultural Development has made future farming brighter and more successful in India. Besides this, liberalization has provided abundant opportunities for the agricultural sector to modernize and develop and maximize the benefits of the expanding scope of agricultural exports resulting from the economy’s globalization course.