What is Black Fungus Disease? A Quick Guide.

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What is Black Fungus?
What is Black Fungus?

What is Black Fungus?

The mental and physiological effect of the pandemic has become unavoidable. The fear-mongering and consumption of too much news have left the public more stressed. Unfortunately, this also results in an uninformed mass. It is vital to be informed on the subject. What is Black Fungus? Why is it more relevant now? Is it related to Covid-19? How can we ensure safety?

All of these questions are valid and necessary to tackle. We will get into the details of understanding and following the required steps. 

We will help you know what the Black Fungus infection is. Keep in mind that, knowledge on the subject is not equivalent to fear. The more you know the more aware you can become. 

Infection and COVID – 19 Pandemic

Black Fungus Disease can be scary if we do not understand the repercussions. We can break down a few things to make them comprehensible. Fear-mongering is never the answer to anything. Pandemic in itself has been chaotic and citizens can be well informed to stay alert.

We are all familiar with the Coronavirus Pandemic. The symptoms are related to respiratory complications. The fungus infection is further a plethora of risks.       

What is the Black Fungal Infection Related to?

The Black Fungus or mucormycosis is a fungal infection. The sickness can come from Covid-19 infection. However, the infection did not come about after the Covid pandemic.

What you can understand is that the patients that have recovered from Covid-19 are also at risk. The patients that are undergoing treatment are also a vulnerable group. The infection is dependent on moisture and humidity. Therefore, the oxygen therapy used for the patients in ICU is also a way for the infection. Usage of humidifiers provides moisture in the environment leading to the fungus.

The illness can be severe when proper treatment is not provided. It affects the brain, the sinuses, and the lungs of the patient. Although considered life-threatening, early detection and preventive measures are available.    

What Are the Symptoms of Black Fungus?

Looking at the symptoms one can have a better approach in receiving treatment. How can you consider yourself sick, if you do not know what the symptoms are? We understand that the citizens are not all medical professionals. Hence, observing few symptoms here and there can be very helpful.

  1. The infection can cause a person to have discoloration of their tongue and nose.
  2. The patient will experience blurry vision. 
  3. Respiratory symptoms can be observed. There will be breathing problems and the patient will have chest pain. Coughing with blood is also a symptom of the infection.
  4. The patient will have fever and vomiting.
  5. There will be redness in the eyes and headaches.
  6. The symptom also includes a black lesion in the mouth.
  7. The infection affects different body parts all simultaneously. It requires immediate attention from an ENT doctor or a neurosurgeon. The treatment also starts from an antifungal treatment.

Who Are Vulnerable to Black Fungal infection?

Now, there is always a question of safety for all age groups when it comes to infection. However, there are a certain group of people that becomes more susceptible to the Black Fungus infection. Covid-19 patients and the treatment process can be in the risk category for fungus.

Other factors further create vulnerability for this infection. People with high blood sugar have to be more careful, as they are at risk for the infection. As mentioned, Covid patients and high blood sugar patients are to remain more alert.

No age group is resilient to the infection. Therefore, precautions for children and adults are similarly vital. Diseases that the patient has can also create a risk. Hence, more illness and complications will make way for the infection. Patients with cancer and HIV/AIDS are also at a risk. 

Irrespective of that, we should not let half of the information dominate social media and the internet. And this does not mean that the vulnerable group will necessarily get the infection. But there are ways to tackle and take precautions.      

What Are the Risk Factors for Black Fungal Infection?

We cannot rule out that other factors have an impact on the illness.

  • Patients that are treated with steroids and used ventilation are also at vulnerability to the illness.
  • Covid patients who are taking treatment for the illness are at risk. The duration is 6 weeks of the treatment. They are at a higher risk rate.
  • Cold oxygen usage for the patient also provides a chance for infection. Doctors have mentioned its dangerous impact.
  • The patients with higher risk can be provided with an anti-fungal drug by the doctor. 
  • There is a risk in wearing the same masks more than 5 times. Depending on the type of mask you can take precautions. You can use a cloth mask with frequent wash. Whereas, the N95 masks are ideally not to be used after 5 times.
  • There are other reasons such as weak immune system, and voriconazole therapy that creates a chance of infection.
  • Patients that are consuming steroids also become a group that is at risk for this infection.  

How to Prevent Black Fungus Infection?

Here are some of the ways of keeping black fungus infection at bay:

Hygiene is Heroic

Embrace the superhero within you by championing good hygiene practices. Wash your hands regularly with soap and water, especially after touching surfaces in public spaces. Maintaining personal cleanliness is akin to donning a shield against black fungus.

Nourish Your Immune Fortress

Your body’s defense system is its fortress. Fortify it by consuming a balanced diet rich in vitamins and minerals. Incorporate immunity-boosting foods like fruits, vegetables, and whole grains into your meals. A well-nourished body is better equipped to fend off infections.

Moisture Management

Black fungus thrives in damp environments, so keep moisture at bay. Ensure proper ventilation in living spaces, especially in areas like bathrooms and kitchens. Wipe down surfaces prone to dampness regularly to deny the fungus a conducive habitat.

Say No to Self-Medication

In times of illness, it’s tempting to resort to self-medication. However, indiscriminate use of steroids and antibiotics can compromise your immune system, making you more susceptible to black fungus. Always consult a healthcare professional before taking any medication.

Diabetic Diligence

Diabetes is a known risk factor for black fungus infection. If you have diabetes, diligently manage your blood sugar levels. Regular monitoring, a healthy diet, and adherence to prescribed medications are key to keeping diabetes in check.

Mask Up, Step Out Safely

Wearing masks not only protects against respiratory infections but also reduces the risk of inhaling fungal spores. Ensure your mask is clean and fits snugly to maximize its effectiveness as a shield.

In the face of the black fungus threat, let’s unite in our efforts to prioritize health and well-being. By adopting these simple practices, we not only protect ourselves but also contribute to the collective resilience of our communities. Remember, prevention is a shared responsibility that starts with each one of us. Stay safe, stay healthy.

Also read about Omicron.

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